Over the years, Timisoara, the largest city in western Romania, has been influenced by many cultures. The Romans used it as an important crossroads fortress until the Tatars destroyed it in the 13th century.
Conquered by Turkish armies inTimisoara remained under their protection until when the region of Banat came under Austrian rule for two centuries. Timisoara later became a vital commercial and manufacturing town. Turks, Austrians, Germans and Serbs all left their mark and their influence can be seen Hiker Dating Site neighborhoods throughout the city even today. The charm of this city, settled on the northern bank of the Bega River, lies in its distinct architectural character and vibrant cultural life.
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Frequently referred to as "Little Vienna," Timisoara is home to year-round musical and theatrical performances, art galleries, museums and a buzzing nightlife. A progressive, cosmopolitan place, Timisoara was the first city in Europe and second in the world after New York, to use electricity to illuminate its public streets.
Timisoara was the first European city to introduce horse-drawn trams in and electrical street lighting in ; Intalniri pentru femei Reuniune was built on a swamp; the Metropolitan Cathedral has oaks supports underneath it; Johnny Weissmuller, Hollywood's original Tarzan, was born here.
Thanks to its mild climate, Timisoara has lots of public squares and lush green retreats.
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The city is easy to explore on foot. If you get tired, a Hiker Dating Site will be along in a moment; the system is fast, frequent and efficient. Timisoara abounds with churches of several denominations, a Jewish quarter, an elegant baroque square and a pedestrian-only downtown area.
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Some of the monuments in the heart of the city afford panoramic views, while the many parks in this "city of flowers" provide an idyllic spot to take a break from sightseeing.
Landmarks In many respects, it is the abundance of Secessionist architecture that has provided Timisoara with its rather appropriate moniker, "Little Vienna.
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Sinuous lines and floral decorations characterized the first phase which lasted until The second phase, which continued until the First World War, saw simpler, larger buildings with geometrical designs. Secessionism in Romania was an important link between the Byzantine style and later modernist architecture.
Victory Square Piata Victoriei Some of the city's most interesting sites are its elegant baroque buildings, spread around town and particularly along the main square, Piata Victoriei, which stretches from Opera Square Piata Operei to Loga Boulevard. The focal point is the towering Romanian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral Catedrala Ortodoxa Mitropolitana at the south side of the square.
Built between andits green and red roof tiles are arranged in a mosaic design. In front of the Cathedral is a memorial to those who lost their lives during the Revolution which overthrew Communist rule.
The Memorial Museum of the Revolution Muzeul Revolutiei offers a full insight into the revolution in Timisoara see museum details.
Historic pastel-hued buildings line the square. During the 18th century, this was the city's commercial centre and the venue for numerous military processions and religious ceremonies. Nicolas Lenau College Liceul Nicolas Lenau Located on the north side of the square, was built in and was home to the earliest theatre in Timisoara.
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The baroque Serbian Orthodox Cathedral Biserica Orthodoxa Sarbabuilt inand the mint green and white Serbian Bishop's Residence Vicariatul Ortodox Sarb with its extravagant decorations are located on the west side of the square. The Cathedral can be visited daily between 7am and 6pm. The Roman Catholic Cathedral Catedrala Episcopala Romano-Catolica On the east side of the square was built between Hiker Dating Site Dating Site to the design of Fisher von Erlach and represents a fine example of Viennese baroque style.
The impressive 18th century Baroque Palace Palatul Vechii Prefecturi dominates the square's south side.
Formerly the governor's residence, it now houses the Museum of Fine Arts with works by German, Flemish and Italian artists. See museum details below.
This typical Hungarian-style art nouveau structure, built in the early 20th century, features an organic shape comprising curved walls studded with turquoise tiles forming patterns drawn from folklore, and extravagant iron gutters and window grills.
From Piata Unirii, walk east along Str. Palanca to the oldest building in Timisoara, now housing the Banat Etnographic Museum see museum details within the city's remaining 18th century bastion. At this time, a seven-star- shaped bastion and gate-towers were constructed and the marshes surrounding the town were drained by the new Habsburg governor, General Mercy. Continue along Str. Built during the rule of Carol Hiker Dating Site, Prince de Anjou, it was completed by Iancu of Hundeoara and redesigned by the Habsburgs in the 18th century.
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Residential areas South and east of the Bega Canal are the Josefin, Elisabetin and Fabric residential districts, true gems Hiker Dating Site Jugendstil, or art nouveau, architecture, built mainly in the late 19th century.
The small residential square of Piata Plevnei, south of the Bega Canal, is bordered by excellent examples of the first phase of Secessionist architecture, Hiker Dating Site as Gemeinhardt's Peacock House Casa cu Pauni built in Facades are covered with an abundance of typical motifs: peacocks, swans, owls and squirrels together with sinuous vines and foliage.
The theme continues on the buildings lining Splaiul Tudor Vladimirescu, following Hiker Dating Site south bank of the Bega, and to a lesser extent, around nearby Piata Hiker Dating Site and Bulevardul 16 Decembrie Jewish Timisoara Even though Jewish presence in Hiker Dating Site Banat region dates back to the 2nd century AD, the first written mention of the Jewish community in Timisoara occurred inwhen the Turkish army commander surrendered the town to the Austrian Prince Eugeniu of Savoia.
In the old Sephardic cemetery, graves dating to the Turkish occupation may be seen, the oldest belonging to Azriel Assael, a Rabbi and surgeon who died in A century latter, Rabbi Meir Amigo and four followers from Istanbul were allowed to settle in the city.
Following the implementation of citizen rights acts in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Timisoara's Jewish community flourished, reaching a population of almost 7, Six synagogues were built in the city afterthe year of the Austro-Hungarian reconciliation.
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Today, three remain with one still active. Splaiul Coloniei 2 One of the most beautiful buildings in Timisoara, the synagogue in the Fabric district was built in by Hungarian architect Lipot Baumhorn in a traditional Moorish style.
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It is currently closed for structural repairs. One of the largest synagogues in Europe, it is currently closed for structural repairs. Orthodox Synagogue Address: Iosefin district Built between andthis Orthodox Synagogue is the Hiker Dating Site one in service at this moment.